Monday, May 25, 2020
The abolitionist John Brown remains one of the most controversial figures of the 19th century. During a few years of fame before his fateful raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Americans either regarded him as a noble hero or a dangerous fanatic. After his execution on December 2, 1859, Brown became a martyr to those opposed to slavery. And the controversy over his actions and his fate helped stoke the tensions that pushed the United States to the brink of Civil War. Early Life John Brown was born on May 9, 1800, in Torrington, Connecticut. His family was descended from New England Puritans, and he had a deeply religious upbringing. John was the third of six children in the family. When Brown was five, the family moved to Ohio. During his childhood, Browns very religious father would exclaim that slavery was a sin against God. And when Brown visited a farm in his youth he witnessed the beating of slave. The violent incident had a lasting effect on young Brown, and he became a fanatical opponent of slavery. John Browns Anti-Slavery Passion Brown married at the age of 20, and he and his wife had seven children before she died in 1832. He remarried and fathered 13 more children. Brown and his family moved to several states, and he failed at every business he entered. His passion for eliminating slavery became the focus of his life. In 1837, Brown attended a meeting in Ohio in memory of Elijah Lovejoy, an abolitionist newspaper editor who had been killed in Illinois. At the meeting, Brown raised his hand and vowed that he would destroy slavery. Advocating Violence In 1847 Brown moved to Springfield, Massachusetts and began befriending members of a community of escaped slaves. It was at Springfield that he first befriended the abolitionist writer and editor Frederick Douglass, who had escaped from slavery in Maryland. Browns ideas became more radical, and he began advocating a violent overthrow of slavery. He argued that slavery was so entrenched that it could only be destroyed by violent means. Some opponents of slavery had become frustrated with the peaceful approach of the established abolition movement, and Brown gained some followers with his fiery rhetoric. John Browns Role in Bleeding Kansas In the 1850s the territory of Kansas was rocked by violent conflicts between anti-slavery and pro-slavery settlers. The violence, which became known as Bleeding Kansas, was a symptom of the highly controversial Kansas-Nebraska Act. John Brown and five of his sons moved to Kansas to support the free-soil settlers who wanted Kansas to come into the union as a free state in which slavery would be outlawed. In May 1856, in response to pro-slavery ruffians attacking Lawrence, Kansas, Brown and his sons attacked and killed five pro-slavery settlers at Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas. Brown Desired aÃ Slave Rebellion After acquiring a bloody reputation in Kansas, Brown set his sights higher. He became convinced that if he started an uprising among slaves by providing weapons and strategy, the revolt would spread across the entire south. There had been slave uprisings before, most notably the one led by the slave Nat Turner in Virginia in 1831. Turners rebellion resulted in the deaths of 60 whites and the eventual execution of Turner and more than 50 African Americans believed to have been involved. Brown was very familiar with the history of slave rebellions, yet still believed he could start a guerrilla war in the south. The Plan to Attack on Harpers Ferry Brown began to plan an attack on the federal arsenal in the small town of Harpers Ferry, Virginia (which is in present-day West Virginia). In July 1859, Brown, his sons, and other followers rented a farm across the Potomac River in Maryland. They spent the summer secretly stockpiling weapons, as they believed they could arm slaves in the south who would escape Ã¢â¬â¹to join their cause. Brown traveled to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania at one point that summer to meet with his old friend Frederick Douglass. Hearing Browns plans, and believing them suicidal, Douglass refused to participate. John Browns Raid on Harpers Ferry On the night of October 16, 1859, Brown and 18 of his followers drove wagons into the town of Harpers Ferry. The raiders cut telegraph wires and quickly overcame the watchman at the armory, effectively seizing the building. Yet a train passing through town carried the news, and by the next day forces began to arrive. Brown and his men barricaded themselves inside buildings and a siege began. The slave uprising Brown hoped to spark never happened. A contingent of Marines arrived, under the command of Col. Robert E. Lee. Most of Browns men were soon killed, but he was taken alive on October 18 and jailed. The Martyrdom of John Brown Browns trial for treason in Charlestown, Virginia was major news in American newspapers in late 1859. He was convicted and sentenced to death. John Brown was hanged, along with four of his men, on December 2, 1859 at Charlestown. His execution was marked by the tolling of church bells in many towns in the north. The abolitionist cause had gained a martyr. And the execution of Brown was a step on the countrys road to Civil War.
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The Portrayal of Childhood in Jane Eyre Jane Eyre is a novel written in the first person about her life. It follows her life from the eyes of an un-moulded child, to a moulded young woman. Charlotte BrontÃÆ'Ã « was the author of the book and a lot of the book reflected aspects of her life, this added a more personal and atmospheric feel to the book. I think the genre of the book can be classed by a mixture of two: the gothic novel and the romantic novel. I think this, because the gothic novel includes many themes such as the mysterious and horrific or unexplained. This genre can definitely describe the mysterious happenings at Thornfield, which were to do with Bertha Mason (Mr. Rochesters secretÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦As Bessie takes the role of Janes mother figure, she calms her depression with her appearance and affection. This quote describes how Jane saw her: Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦Bessies presence, compared with the thoughts over which I had been brooding, seemed cheerful, even though, as usual, she was some-what crossÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦I was disposed to bask in her youthful lightness of heart... Jane feels warm around Bessie and even though she doesnt receive the genuine motherly affection from Bessie; she is willing to see the warmer side. The statement shows that even though Bessie was some-what cross, Jane was eager to see the good behind or through the bad. Bessie and Jane embraced in a kiss at one point, and I think this was significant to Jane, because it was an exchange of affection and love between them. She also ends the chapter with: Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦Even for me life had its gleams of sunshineÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ This statement proves Janes need and appreciation for love; I think that Bessie could be seen as the sunshine, seeing as she also brought warmth into Janes life. However, when Jane moves to Lowood, Bessie is no longer upholding the position of Janes mother. Due to this, Jane again is lonely and desperate for a new start. She then adopts the headmistress of Lowood, Ms. Temple as her surrogate mother. Jane does this because there is an air of respect and authority about Ms. Temple, as itShow MoreRelated Discuss Charlotte BronteÃ¢â¬â¢s portrayal of childhood in Jane Eyre.1074 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDiscuss Charlotte BronteÃ¢â¬â¢s portrayal of childhood in Jane Eyre. Charlotte BrontÃ «Ã¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËJane EyreÃ¢â¬â¢ was a controversial novel for its time. It traces the heroine from an orphan child to a contented adult woman. Through the trials Jane experiences BrontÃ « highlights many hypocritical aspects of Victorian society, mainly focusing on the religious hypocrisy of the era. Subtitled Ã¢â¬ËAn AutobiographyÃ¢â¬â¢, the novel in parts closely resembles BrontÃ «Ã¢â¬â¢s own childhood and her evocation of JaneÃ¢â¬â¢s experiencesRead MoreCharlotte BrontÃ «Ã¢â¬â¢S Writing Was Considered Controversial1019 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescustomer. The sisterÃ¢â¬â¢s big break came when Charlotte found EmilyÃ¢â¬â¢s poems. Finding the poems, Charlotte decided to publish a group of the sisterÃ¢â¬â¢s poems in 1846, under the fake names of Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell. The next year, Charlotte published Jane Eyre, Emily published Wuthering Heights, and Ann released Agnes Grey. These three books were published under the Bell name. In 1848, Charlotte revealed her true identity, and lost her sister, Emily, and her brother, Branwell. The following year, she lostRead MoreJane Eyre : A Fight For Women s Equality1749 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Jane Eyre: A Fight for WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Equality Feminism: the doctrine advocating social, political, and all other rights of women equal to those of men (dictionary.com). Throughout history, women have fought for and struggled with gaining full and absolute equality in society--which has proven to be difficult in the long-cultivated patriarchal society that we still live in today. In modern times, women continue to be paid less than men, are vastly underrepresented, and face many forms of violence aroundRead MoreGreat Expectations and Jane Eyre: Comparing and Contrasting Two BildungsromansÃ¢â¬ 2090 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pages Ã¢â¬Å"Great Expectations and Jane Eyre: Comparing and Contrasting Two BildungsromansÃ¢â¬ Charles Dickens (the author of Great Expectations) and Charlotte BrontÃ « (the author of Jane Eyre) both grew up during the early 1800s. Growing up during the same time period, each author incorporated elements of the Victorian Society into these novels. Both novels depict the protagonistÃ¢â¬â¢s search for the meaning of life and the nature of the world within the context of a defined social order. In essence, the two novelsRead MoreJane Eyre And A Portrait Of The Artist As A Young Man1473 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The novels Jane Eyre, by Charlotte BrontÃ «, and A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, by James Joyce, both exemplify the bildungsroman style, showing the growth of the characters over the course of each book. As bildungsroman novels, both texts share elements common to the genre, such as focusing primarily on character thoughts and reactions. They also share traits like periods of character development being tied to a particular place. However, they differ in other areas like narration styleRead MoreCharlotte Bronte s Jane Eyre1228 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCharlotte BronteÃ¢â¬â¢s Jane Eyre is a novel that the term Ã¢â¬Å"gothicÃ¢â¬ could be applied to. You can find these elements in the setting, characters, and in numerous places in the plot of this novel. Thornfield Hall is the quintessential gothic castle. Most gothic novels settings include; a castle, ruined or intact, haunted or not. (The Gothic Experience 1). Thornfiled Hall seems to have a life or story of its own throughout the plot. The way it is described changes as the story progresses. Jane is quoted, Ã¢â¬Å"ItRead MoreComparing Wide Sargasso Sea and Jane Eyre Essay1325 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWide Sargasso Sea is an interesting relation to Jane Eyre. The female character of Jane Eyre forms into a furiously, passionate, independent young woman. The female character of Jean RhysÃ¢â¬â¢s illustration is a character that Jane will know further on as RochesterÃ¢â¬â¢s crazy wife who is bolted in an attic. Jean Rhys further studies this character, where as Charlotte Bronte approved that it was left explained (Thorpe 175). Antoinette, considerably like Jane, evolves in a world with minimal amount of loveRead More Movie - Feminist Themes in Jane Eyre, Novel and Film Versions2260 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesAn Analysis of Feminist Themes in Jane Eyre and its Film VersionsÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Concern for womens rights dates from the Enlightenment, when the liberal, egalitarian, and reformist ideals of that period began to be extended from the bourgeoisie, peasants, and urban laborers to women as well. As did most interest groups of the time, feminists gained force and stability through its writing. The periods blossoming ideas concerning womens rights were fully set forth in Judith MurrayÃ¢â¬â¢s On theRead More A Comparison of the Ideals of Bronte in Jane Eyre and Voltaire in Candide2672 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesThe Ideals of Bronte in Jane Eyre and Voltaire in Candide Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Subjective novelists tend to use personal attitudes to shape their characters. Whether it be an interjection of opinion here, or an allusion to personal experience there, the beauty of a story lies in the clever disclosure of the authors personality. Charlotte Bronte and Voltaire are no exceptions. Their most notable leading characters, Jane Eyre and Candide, represent direct expressions of the respective authors emotions andRead MoreComparison Of Jane Eyre And Pride And Prejudice 2081 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesContrast the Social Caste System and Personal Ideations in the books Ã¢â¬Å"Jane EyreÃ¢â¬ by Emily Bronte and Ã¢â¬Å"Pride and PrejudiceÃ¢â¬ by Jane Austin Two names that ran the gauntlet of 19th century romance and changed the way on how it was written and depicted forever. These two history changing authors names were Jane Austen and Emily Bronte. Two well-known novels of the 19th century (Ã¢â¬Å"Jane EyreÃ¢â¬ by Emily Bronte and Ã¢â¬Å"Pride and PrejudiceÃ¢â¬ by Jane Austin) both have similarities, but also differences on how the characters
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House By Henrik Ibsen Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906), NorwayÃ¢â¬â¢s major playwright and poet during the 19th century, was a pioneer of Western modernism (Wikipedia). His plays founded the realist school of Western theatre and some literary critics even consider him as Ã¢â¬Å"the father of realismÃ¢â¬ or refer to the rise of Ã¢â¬Å"IbsenismÃ¢â¬ (iii) when discussing his work. A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House (1879) is one of the most influential plays in European literature because it created a new, realist style of staging plays, moving away from epic theatrical conventions. PlayÃ¢â¬â¢s characters are living a regular life and belong to the middle or upper middle class. A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House presents the moral conflicts of its protagonists, Torvald and Nora Helmer, by mixing betweenÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Helmer shows his real face. He is a selfish and thankless man which urges Nora to leave the family. The play represents a normal middle class family that functions according to the common gender roles of the time. Ibsen uses symbols and images to show the contrast between interrelationship between moral issues and their external manifestation in the play. Torvald dominates his wife, who is servile and resembles a bird in the cage. Torvald frequently refers to her as Ã¢â¬Å"skylarkÃ¢â¬ (4), squirrel, or doll. All of these names belittle her and make her look subservient to him. The antagonists, Mrs. Linde, Mr. Krogstad, and Dr. Rank, the family friend who is in secret love with Nora and suffering from a terminal illness, play a crucial role in the playÃ¢â¬â¢s dramatic development. These characters are insincere and mirror the moral conflicts between Nora and Torvald. Moreover, Ibsen uses particular symbols to show the moral weakness of Torvald and NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s marriage. For example, the Christmas tree symbolizes the family. The tree is dead, has no roots to support it, and is put in a place where visitors can see it for ostentation. Torvald and Nora are interested in decorating it with artificial objects rather than enjoying its natural beauty. Thus, the tree represents the disintegration of Nora and TorvaldÃ¢â¬â¢s marriage, its lacking foundation of truth, understanding and honesty, and its artificial rules ofShow MoreRelatedPerfect Domestic Wives1069 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespolite exterior. Gender roles and freedom of women in the 19th century are the main themes in Henrik IbsenÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House.Ã¢â¬ The movement for womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights succeeded in Norway shortly after this time period. However, during the 19th century, Norway experienced peace which led to a concentration on the arts and theatre. New makeup and sets were brought into the theatre. Plays like Ã¢â¬Å"A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s HouseÃ¢â¬ by Henrik Ibsen epitomized the new age of theatre, realism, in the 19th century. During the 19th centuryRead MoreA Doll s House By Henrik Ibsen1717 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswhich the society has not figured out yet, even women themselves. What do women want, freedom or good life? Most of the time, they are not necessarily the same thing. The play, Ã¢â¬Å"A Doll HouseÃ¢â¬ written by Henrik Ibsen back in 1879 while exiled in Germany, reveals the desire of freedom from Nora, a typical house wife in Norway back in the end of 19th century. An event of secret loan exposes the struggles between the social calls and the desire for freedom in NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s heart. Contrast to the regatheringRead MoreAnalysis Of Henrik Ibsen s A Doll s House 1325 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFamilies Destroyed by Secrecies In Henrik IbsenÃ¢â¬â¢s A Doll s HouseÃ¢â¬ (March 20, 1828 - May 23, 1906) and Ã¢â¬Å"Oedipus the KingÃ¢â¬ , by Sophocles (which is an Athenian tragedy performed 495 B.C.E. - 405 B.C.E.) both have men who were destroyed by a secret which lead them to their horrible outcomes on life because of the conflicts in their relationships with their families although, both pieces of Literature were written many years apart from each other and in different areas of time. Two characters whoRead MoreTheatrical Realism : Realism And Realism1228 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesheightened or poetic REALISM IN A DOLLÃ¢â¬â¢S HOUSE Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906), a norwegian writer, is considered to be the father of modern realistic drama His plays attacked societyÃ¢â¬â¢s values and dealt with unconventional subjects within the form of the well-made play (causally related) IbsenÃ¢â¬â¢s letters reveal that much of what is contained in his realist dramas is based on events from his own life. A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House was the second in a series of realist plays by Ibsen after The Pillars of Society (1877)Read MoreHenrik Ibsen s Hedda Gabler Essay2029 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesPAPER: HENRIK IBSENÃ¢â¬â¢S Ã¢â¬Å"HEDDA GABLERÃ¢â¬ Part 1: Henrik Ibsen Henrik Ibsen was born on March 20th, 1828 and grew up in a Norwegian coastal town of Skien, as the oldest of five children. His Father, Knud, was a successful merchant providing a plentiful life for his family, while his mother, Marichen, played the piano and loved theater. Ibsen showed little interest in theater as a child until his family went into bankruptcy and eventually into poverty. That tragic event in his life made Ibsen put hisRead MoreFreedom Versus Confinement By Henrik Chopin1524 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageson what happened in the house or how things were to be done that was the husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s job. The man was obligated to get married, take care of his wife and household (money wise). The men were typically more free then the women. But true freedom is being able to live for yourself and do what you wanted to how you wanted to do it. Neither were truly free. During this time period, many writers and poets would using poems and stories to discuss these issues. Writer Hen rik Ibsen and poet Kate Chopin areRead MoreInferior Role of a Married Woman Nora in a DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House by Henrik Ibsen2359 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesInferior Role of a Married Woman Nora in A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House by Henrik Ibsen Mengdan Shen Theatre and Drama 120 Section 319 Ashley Bellet December 9, 2015 Before the twentieth centuryÃ¢â¬â¢s feminism movement, European females suffered from their unfair and discriminated positions in marriage and in society. In his masterpiece A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House, Henrik Ibsen creates Nora, a housewife who is dependent financially and socially on her husband, Helmer. Ibsen uses NoraÃ¢â¬â¢s marriage to depict and embody theRead MoreExistentialist traits in works of Henrik Ibsen1442 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesworks of Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906). The Norwegian playwright, Henrik Ibsen a was an advocator of individualism and was against the social norms which shape the lives of human beings. His characters live themselves out in the spirit of reckless and vehement self-assertion - superman and superwomen. Ibsen was a believer in freedom to will. Many of his characters can be seen in this light who reject to be shaped by some force outside their own will. . In his famous and controversial play A Dolls HouseRead MoreIbsen11859 Words Ã |Ã 48 PagesM.F.A. Committee Member ______________________________ Kenneth Cleaver, Ph.D. Committee Member ______________________________ James Nutter, D.A. Honors Director ______________________________ Date Forshey 3 Abstract In Henrik IbsenÃ¢â¬â¢s plays, A DollÃ¢â¬â¢s House, The Wild Duck, The Lady from the Sea, and Hedda Gabler, the theme of captivity is demonstrated in the female protagonists Nora, Hedvig, Ellida, and Hedda. The theme of captivity also serves as a performance guide for the portrayalRead MoreBeckett And The Realism Theatre Of Henrik Ibsen2026 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesdesign, there are a large amount of differences between the absurd theatre of Samuel Beckett and the realism theatre of Henrik Ibsen; however, both these playwrights look to challenge their audience and the theatrical conventions and expectations of their time. Beckett challenges the idea of how language, time, and human existence are presented and perceived within a play; Ibsen challenges the conventional ideas of his time with the use of an unexpected protagonist and the idea of leaving the audience
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss abot theJudgementfor Engineering Activities. Answer: As part of engineering activities, judgement is a key component, which is used to resolve different problems and aids to come up with practical and ethical decisions, which are accepted. Different engineering decisions have to align with the three major roles of services and engineers in order to arrive at viable conclusion. These three aspects include the dealing with ethical issues, practice competency and responsibility for the engineering practices. In my line as an engineer, I have been called upon to maintain these aspects in the making of the different judgement, which I have been making all through. In addition, in the engineering practices, the engineer has to address the different conflicts with the stakeholders. The conflict resolution requires the use of correct judgement to resolve the issues and forms a key part of engineers competence. This role requires correct judgement in order to identify the issues and be able to resolve them perfectly. Moreover, conflicts due to the misunderstanding of the stakeholder will lead to untimely completion of activities. The interests of the different stakeholders must be met and addressed and this calls proper judgement of the prevailing issues among the stakeholder. Harmonization of the engineering activities with the expectation of stakeholders needs proper judgement skills in order to make viable decisions. In addition, engineering knowledge allowed me to, I managed all clarifications from vendor, client and engineering team including decision regarding procurement, the package progress and schedule aspects. As part of the project, I judged there is no formal project schedule from vendor side and I took initiative to prepare formal schedule for all engineering activities using MS project software. The needs for this will enhance the judgement and help to come up with the correct decision. In addition, the engineering activities involved supervision, evaluation and monitoring, which are part of my competences. In line with the engineers requirement in Australia, these competences help to achieve ethical decisions. These activities involves diverse decision making which require proper judgement. In the field of work, I have been able to enhance the decision making process through making of decision which aids the achievement of the success of projects. Technical works requires the correct judgement in order to come up with the correct measures and solutions. This needs to align with most key works, which are available at the site and the needs which need to be addressed. In addition, the engineering works is connected with unexpected obstacles, performance deficiencies and impending or actual failures. In order address these problems requires proper judgement skills. When faced with these problems, the judgement helps to come up with critical analysis of the situation a nd deriving proper solution. In addition, correct judgement is able to enhance the performance of the activities being undertaken. This is evident in the different actions, which are done, and the decisions which are performed. The judgement has to be in line with the ethical issues. This will be able to prevent and to ensure that conflict of interest do not occur. In the line of duty, I had several responsibilities, which were aligned with my competencies. Some of the key competencies ensures that I had to perform the following duties, which involve project management services that aided me to ensure design meets the intended service and meets stakeholder requirements, manage the engineering activities, monitor fabrication of the package at vendors workshop and evaluate the progress of the project from time to time. In order to meet these competencies, proper judgement of the different situation scenarios is a key factor. The engineering practices requires the competences I have in order to come up with the viable solution of any defined problem. In addition, the management of any clarification from the vendors, clients and engineering team is another competence that I had to perform in my duty. This needs proper knowledge and judgement of the situation in order to offer the correct solutions to the underlined problem. This helps to define and make any available decision, which affect the procurement team. The proper judgement helps to deliver what is needed for the right job and in line with the requirement of the stakeholders. In addition, in the decisions, the procurement of such items must be able to meet the different standards, which are set out by the engineers board in Australia. Lastly, the keeping of records of the actions and decisions is a key element that need proper judgement. The engineer has to be able to offer written proofs of the actions taken and the decisions made in the different cases.
Saturday, April 11, 2020
Affirmative Action Overview Affirmative action refers to policies that try to correct past discrimination in hiring, university admissions, and other candidate selection. The necessity of affirmative action is often debated. The concept of affirmative action is that positive steps should be taken to ensure equality, instead of ignoring discrimination or waiting for society to fix itself. Affirmative action becomes controversial when it is perceived as giving preference to minorities or women over other qualified candidates. The Origin of Affirmative Action Programs Former U.S. President John F. Kennedy used the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"affirmative actionÃ¢â¬ in 1961. In an executive order, President Kennedy required federal contractors to Ã¢â¬Å"take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employedÃ¢â¬ ¦without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin.Ã¢â¬ In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson issued an order that used the same language to call for nondiscrimination in government employment.Ã Ã It was not until 1967 that President Johnson addressed sex discrimination. He issued another executive order on October 13, 1967. It expanded his previous order and required the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s equal opportunity programs to Ã¢â¬Å"expressly embrace discrimination on account of sexÃ¢â¬ as they worked toward equality. The Need for Affirmative Action The legislation of the 1960s was part of a larger climate of seeking equality and justice for all members of society. Segregation had been legal for decades after the end of slavery. President Johnson argued for affirmative action: if two men were running a race, he said, but one had his legs bound together in shackles, they could not achieve a fair result by simply removing the shackles. Instead, the man who had been in chains should be allowed to make up the missing yards from the time he was bound. If striking down segregation laws could not instantly solve the problem, then positive steps of affirmative action could be used to achieve what President Johnson called Ã¢â¬Å"equality of result.Ã¢â¬ Some opponents of affirmative action saw it as a Ã¢â¬Å"quotaÃ¢â¬ system that unfairly demanded a certain number of minority candidates be hired no matter how qualified the competing white male candidate was. Affirmative action brought up different issues concerning women in the workplace.Ã There was little protest of women in traditional Ã¢â¬Å"womenÃ¢â¬â¢s jobsÃ¢â¬ - secretaries, nurses, elementary school teachers, etc. As more women began to work in jobs that had not been traditional womenÃ¢â¬â¢s jobs, there was an outcry that giving a job to a woman over a qualified male candidate would be Ã¢â¬Å"takingÃ¢â¬ the job from the man. The men needed the job, was the argument, but the women did not need to work. In her 1979 essay Ã¢â¬Å"The Importance of Work,Ã¢â¬ Gloria Steinem rejected the notion that women should not work if they do not Ã¢â¬Å"have to. She pointed out the double standard that employers never ask men with children at home if they need the job for which they are applying. She also argued that many women do, in fact, Ã¢â¬Å"needÃ¢â¬ their jobs. Work is a human right, not a male right, she wrote, and she criticized the false argument that independence for women is a luxury. New and Evolving Controversies Has affirmative action corrected past inequality? During the 1970s, the controversy over affirmative action often surfaced around the issues of government hiring and equal employment opportunity. Later, the affirmative action debate shifted away from the workplace and toward college admissions decisions. It has thus shifted away from women and back to a debate over race. There are roughly equal numbers of men and women admitted to higher education programs, and women have not been the focus of university admissions arguments. U.S. Supreme Court decisions have examined the affirmative action policies of competitive state schools such as the University of California and the University of Michigan. Although strict quotas have been struck down, a university admissions committee may consider minority status as one of many factors in admissions decisions as it selects a diverse student body.Ã Still Necessary? The Civil Rights Movement and the WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Liberation Movement achieved a radical transformation of what society accepted as normal. It is often difficult for subsequent generations to understand the need for affirmative action. They may have grown up intuitively knowing that Ã¢â¬Å"you canÃ¢â¬â¢t discriminate because thatÃ¢â¬â¢s illegal!Ã¢â¬ Ã While some opponents say affirmative action is outdated, others find that women still face a Ã¢â¬Å"glass ceilingÃ¢â¬ that prevents them from advancing past a certain point in the workplace.Ã Many organizations continue to promote inclusive policies, whether or not they use the term Ã¢â¬Å"affirmative action.Ã¢â¬ They fight discrimination on the basis of disability, sexual orientation, or family status (mothers or women who may become pregnant). Amid calls for a race-blind, neutral society, the debate over affirmative action continues.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Top 10 Student Films Sitcoms For Your Perfect Campus Movie Night Party One of the easiest and cheapest ways to enjoy a fantastic social life, making new friends, and enjoying your time together is simply to have a night in, and be creative with it as you can. College life is renowned for being a blast, and that isnÃ¢â¬â¢t just about heading to the nearest bar, itÃ¢â¬â¢s about enjoying every single day of your time there, from nights in, nights out, and everything in-between. Imagine the scene Ã¢â¬â snacks, comfortable clothes, a few drinks, throw some cushions on the floor, make yourself truly comfortable, and kick back and relax with a few film favourites. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re struggling for inspiration on what to watch however, check out these ideas. Good Will Hunting You donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to be a slightly rebellious math genius to enjoy this film, and itÃ¢â¬â¢s the ideal choice for those who may be feeling a little homesick, or want to enjoy a rather tear-jerker film with friends. We know that Matt Damon is the janitor from the wrong side of the tracks, and he forms an unlikely friendship with crazy lecturer, Robin Williams. This film is epic. The Roommate Hopefully you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be watching this film with any new roommates, because you might start looking at them in a different light, but the film itself is ideal for a movie night. Basically, the plot is about a girl who is assigned a new roommate, and at first they get on like a house on fire, but then said roommate turns out to be a little, well, psychotic. The Big Bang Theory You might wish you were living in California and studying, just like these lot, but this sitcom is one to make you laugh. You have nine series to work your way through, so you have enough for a few movie nights in to keep you going, and whether youÃ¢â¬â¢re the beauty, or the geek, you canÃ¢â¬â¢t help but laugh. Laughs are what hold people together, and forming new friendships is best done through laughter! Eat, Pray, Love At first you might think this is a film which is a tad too deep and meaningful for a night in, however after the first half an hour, I dare you not to be inspired. Julia Roberts explores her wants and needs, across various locations in the world, before falling well and truly in love, not only with the man in her life, but with herself too. The Scream series Who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t love a rather ridiculous movie that is supposed to be scary? Of course, this movie is scary in parts, but you simply have to laugh in equal parts. Turn down the lights, open a bottle of wine or two, laugh and hide under the duvet. Legally Blonde When youÃ¢â¬â¢re studying something new, you have to believe in yourself, and this film has that message in abundance. Reese Witherspoon proves you can be blonde, into fashion, not really that knowledgeable about a subject, but still win through with hard work, perseverance, and a good heart. The ideal girly film for a night in. The Graduate Male or female, you will love this film, ideal for that movie night with your new student buddies. This is a classic, with Dustin Hoffman taking centre stage as Benjamin, the new graduate who despite his parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ hopes for his future, ends up forming a rather complicated attachment to his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s business partner. Essay Writing Place can take care about your essay writing while you watch great movies. Mona Lisa Smile Julia Roberts is at it again in this girl power period drama. We head back to the 1950s, where the lady herself is an art history teacher, however she soon realises that her students are more interested in bagging themselves a man, rather than learning about their studies. This is another about female empowerment, but one which is perfect for a night in with a few snacks. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re new to university, this is a great way to bond with your new friends too. Dirty Dancing Are you having the time of your life? Bonding with friends is fantastic over this classic, feel-good film, and ideal for those hoping to meet their own Jonny Castle at university. You could of course try and recreate that iconic final dance, and the winner gets a prize! The Inbetweeners WeÃ¢â¬â¢re not all lucky enough to be the popular ones at school or college, and if youÃ¢â¬â¢re in the opposite category, as many of us are, you can certainly empathise, and probably laugh at, the antics of Will, Simon, Neil, and Jay. If you run out of series, start on the two films. So, a night in will save you cash, and also has the added perk of offering a range of activities to enjoy as part of your movie night, such as food, drink, competitions, laugher, photographs, and recreations. Happy watching!
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Life Span Human Development - Essay Example Moreover, according to the Government of Saskatchewan (1999) there is also a multi-dimensional component insofar as the theory holds that there is a biological, cognitive, socio-emotional and spiritual dimension. From this perspective one could argue that a person could develop into a number of different paths owing to a number of different lifelong conditions. Without question the interaction of hereditary factors and the environment interplay with each other to produce differences in human development. According to Sigelman & Rider (2009) it is the case that oneÃ¢â¬â¢s genes are patterned throughout our entire lifespan. Whilst many people have commonalities in the way we age and develop physiologically there remains a profound difference in the way we may develop on an individual basis. Some people may be more tall or short or perhaps athletic or sickly. These factors play a major influence on our development. Moreover, people put into different environments may develop different ly. For example people in an abusive environment may develop differently than people in a more nurturing environment. From this perspective there are a number of separate internalities and externalities that help shape who we are over the course of our life. References Government of Saskatchewan (1999) The Lifespan Perspective on Human Development.